• Lonie Buur posted an update 38 minutes ago

    ConclusionThe study demonstrated temperature dependent embryonic development of TSO after storage at a specific temperature range. The eggs rapidly developed at 30–34°C, while storage at higher temperatures lead to a reduction in their biological activity, and ultimately in degradation of TSO. Long-term storage at 5–10°C did not initiate any egg…[Read more]

  • Lonie Buur posted an update 4 days ago

    IntroductionLymphoma (lymphosarcoma) is the most common malignancy in horses and mainly presents as alimentary, cutaneous, mediastinal or multicentric forms (Durham et al., 2013). Clinical signs in horses with lymphoma include weight loss, anorexia, depression, ventral oedema, pyrexia, anaemia, diarrhoea and colic. A simple, inexpensive and…[Read more]

  • Lonie Buur posted an update 4 days, 23 hours ago

    The quantum chemical calculations were performed using the Gaussian 03 program package [40] at the DFT level of theory, using the split valence triple-ζ 6‑311++G(d,p) basis set [41] and the three-parameter B3LYP density functional, which includes Becke’s gradient exchange correction [42] and the Lee-Yang-Parr correlation functional [43]. In the…[Read more]

  • Lonie Buur posted an update 5 days, 23 hours ago

    PreventionThere is currently little or no guidance on how to prevent plochteach in sheep in Scotland other than by avoiding pastures containing N. ossifragum. Reducing the incidence by fencing off areas with N. ossifragum is impractical as the plant is often ubiquitous. Completely removing sheep from areas where the plant grows from late spring to…[Read more]

  • Lonie Buur posted an update 6 days, 5 hours ago

    AcknowledgementsAll authors declare no conflict of interest on this work that has been conducted. This work was supported in part by K22-A99184, P20-GM103625, and a start-up fund by the UAMS Department of Microbiology and Immunology (MBIM) to J. Liu. A. Khan was funded by grant 12/IA/1239 from Science Foundation, Ireland; P. O’Byrne was funded…[Read more]

  • Lonie Buur posted an update 1 week ago

    , which inhabits hair follicles () is the species identified in most cases of canine demodecosis (). Species identification was not done in this case. However, given that the mites were largely confined to hair follicles, is the likely species involved. Mites were not observed on the corneal layer of the mineralocorticoid receptor ruling out …[Read more]

  • Lonie Buur posted an update 1 week, 2 days ago

    ConclusionsUnder the conditions of this study, sarolaner flavored, chewable tablets (Simparica™) administered orally to provide a minimum dosage of 2.0mg/kg (range 2–4mg/kg) once monthly for three consecutive treatments was highly effective in the treatment and prevention of natural infestations of fleas. Sarolaner resulted in a substantial…[Read more]

  • Lonie Buur posted an update 1 week, 3 days ago

    Other studies have examined the diagnostic abilities of other assessors including farmers and veterinarians. Direct comparison of reliability studies can be complicated by differences in the scoring systems used and selection of material used for assessment, ranging from photographic images, video clips, post-mortem specimens (Foddai et al., 2012)…[Read more]

  • Lonie Buur posted an update 1 week, 4 days ago

    Our experiments do not fully exclude the possibility that manipulation of MCM5 levels in producer cells, rather than levels of MCM5 incorporated into the virions, is responsible for the observed effects on HIV infectivity. However, several lines of evidence argue against this mechanism. First, the most likely target of MCM5 is viral RNA, but we…[Read more]

  • Lonie Buur posted an update 1 week, 4 days ago

    IntroductionThe enteric protozoan Giardia duodenalis and Cryptosporidium spp. are the etiological agents of most waterborne parasitic outbreaks characterized globally (Baldursson and Karanis, 2011). Aquatic src kinase inhibitor in general and waterfowl in particular are suitable hosts for a number of avian-specific Giardia and Cryptosporidium…[Read more]

  • Lonie Buur posted an update 1 week, 6 days ago

    Defective interfering (DI) RNAs are a normally observed by-product of positive-sense RNA virus replication, particularly under high multiplicity of infection (m.o.i.) culturing conditions (Masters, 2006; Molenkamp et al., 2000a; Pattnaik et al., 1992; Xiao et al., 2011). DI RNAs are generated through nonhomologous recombination between viral…[Read more]

  • Lonie Buur posted an update 1 week, 6 days ago

    This broad argument was pursued in separate sections. Section 4 argued that market-based institutions created opportunity and incentives that led to an increase in entrepreneurial income and expanded land ownership of agricultural land. Traditional sources of rural household income (labor) were combined with opportunities created by new…[Read more]

  • Lonie Buur posted an update 2 weeks ago

    Conflict of interestThe studies reported here were funded by Zoetis, Florham Park, NJ. JJF is an independent investigator contracted for these studies. All the other authors were employees of Zoetis. All authors assisted with the design and conduct of the studies, interpretation of the data and manuscript review. There were no conflicting…[Read more]

  • Lonie Buur posted an update 2 weeks ago

    The Barcelona (Spain) metropolitan area (BMA) has a population of about 5.5 million inhabitants (United Nations, 2011) and is the most populous metropolitan area on the Mediterranean coast. Within this area, there are a number of natural areas, some of which are completely surrounded by built-up land, where outdoor activities are frequent. In…[Read more]

  • Lonie Buur posted an update 2 weeks, 1 day ago

    To date, the hormonal mechanisms underlying the GT have not been fully elucidated. It has been suggested the minimum glucose and subsequent rise in blood glucose concentration may be due to glucoregulatory and counter-regulatory hormone responses associated with changing metabolic demands during exercise of increasing intensity. Therefore, the…[Read more]

  • Lonie Buur posted an update 2 weeks, 4 days ago

    The current study set out to assess the impact of earthworm activity on M. bovis transfer from animal dung to their released castings and the surrounding soil. We also investigated M. bovis gut carriage and casting contamination following ingestion of infected feces.Material and methodsResultsDiscussionThe results shown in Fig. 1 show for the…[Read more]

  • Lonie Buur posted an update 2 weeks, 4 days ago

    Spirocercosis is an emerging disease in dogs in Israel since the 1990s (Harmelin et al., 1991; Mazaki-Tovi et al., 2002; Avner and Hertage, 2013; Nivy et al., 2014). It was also recorded in Greece, Italy, Turkey, India, Pakistan, the Southern United States, Mexico, Brazil, Kenya and South Africa (Dvir et al., 2001; Mylonakis et al., 2006; van der…[Read more]

  • Lonie Buur posted an update 2 weeks, 4 days ago

    Pigs are also susceptible host of P. multocida. The two known swine pasteurellosis diseases are atrophic rhinitis and pneumonic pasteurellosis, both of which generally result from toxigenic P. multocida serogroup D and P. multocida serogroup A, respectively (Register et al., 2012; Wilson and Ho, 2013). The clinical signs of pneumonic…[Read more]

  • Lonie Buur posted an update 2 weeks, 5 days ago

    The long-lasting protection obtained with the semiochemical treatment could be helpful in preventing stress from simulid bites, as well as unwanted behaviours in horses unused to these parasites when traveling in areas infested by simulids, for example during a horse competition. If the usual living space of horses is infested with simulids, the…[Read more]

  • Lonie Buur posted an update 2 weeks, 6 days ago

    The observations with the scanning electron microscope and elemental EDS microanalysis confirmed the presence of dolomite within the cement matrix in the external layer of specific samples. Fig. 7a shows that, for instance, dispersed in the cement matrix, particles of dimension up to 10μm were present, probably of dolomite, since they were…[Read more]

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