• The within-farm and within-species parasite challenge analyses allowed for a narrowing down of those factors that may affect independent variant associations with FEC, such as sheep breed, type of parasite challenge, farm management effects and other environmental effects that differed between farms. However, these analyses also reduced the sample…[Read more]

  • Questions for the future There are three major questions with BoHV-1 and reproductive vaccines: (1) What effect does vaccinating near/or at the time of estrus have on vaccine response? Although this review has concentrated on the effects on reproduction, there have been no studies on the outcome of immunity at estrus. Estrogen and progesterone are…[Read more]

  • AcknowledgementsIntroductionThe raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides) is an alien canid, introduced to Europe in 1929–1958 from the Far-East of Russia (Heptner and Naumov, 1998). Its native distribution area includes south-eastern Russia, eastern provinces of China, northern Vietnam, and Japan (Nowak, 1984; Pitra et al., 2010). There are six…[Read more]

  • Residual blood samples were obtained from laboratory Beagles ( = 100) in a commercial breeding facility, that provided puppies for vaccine trials in Europe; samples were collected for another study (project number 114-C-E-01-10; date of Animal Care and Ethics Committee approval 7 June 2010). Blood samples from pet Beagles ( = 47) were obtained…[Read more]

  • Anaesthesia can be achieved with inhalation or injection of anaesthetic drugs. Some benefits of using inhalation anaesthesia are that most veterinarians are familiar with the technique and that anaesthetic depth can be precisely controlled. Sevoflurane (SEVO) has a lower blood: gas partition coefficient (0.7) than isoflurane (1.4), resulting in…[Read more]

  • Conflict of interest statementAuthors declare no conflict of interest.We wish to report the effects of propofol constant rate infusion (CRI) in two bitches, a 3-year-old Saint Bernard (70 kg) and a 1.5-year-old French bulldog (12.4 kg) undergoing elective caesarean section, and in their puppies. These animals were enrolled in a parallel-group…[Read more]

  • Mohammed Slater posted an update 1 week ago

    In this work, we implement a distance based dissemination protocol directly on top of MAC protocol skipping IP protocol. Values of parameters used in the dissemination protocol are proposed in consideration of realistic implementation of the two protocols, while they are only mentioned in general in other related works [7,21]. The coverage of…[Read more]

  • Step 1 Initially, user inserts her smart card into card reader and inputs its identity and password to card reader.Step 2 Then, the smart card computes the ??, ??, ?, ?? and checks whether ?. If the verification fails, the smart card rejects the request, otherwise the user inserts the new password and computes new values for…[Read more]

  • P2Y2R activation by ATP or UTP potentiates cell proliferation by enhancing RAGE… Download high-res image (690KB)Download full-size imageFig. 2. P2Y2R activation by ATP or UTP potentiates cell proliferation by enhancing RAGE expression and HMGB1 release in the IL-1β-pretreated VSMCs. A) Cells were treated with ATP or UTP (100 μM) for the…[Read more]

  • Future studies can be extended to implement the authentication and security in the optimized multicast routing scheme to provide better integrity. We plan to propose the symmetric cryptographic scheme to make network more secure.1. IntroductionThe project objective exportin the development of an axial suspended active magnetic bearing (AMB)…[Read more]

  • 18. Maitake mushroomsAn active compound in maitake mushrooms is irofulven (hydroxymethylacylfulvene). It mainly promotes the immune system functioning and efficiency of related Anti-diabetic Compound Library like natural killer cells, cytotoxic T-cells, IL-1, IL-2, lymphokines etc. [67]. Its unique property is to act as selective inducer of…[Read more]

  • Mohammed Slater posted an update 2 weeks ago

    Option 2 Create a small number of PICs (grouped by language) to serve multiple countries in the sub-region. Where possible, these should build on existing centres, and not necessarily just those within Eastern AfricaOption 3 The PIC service should be provided by means of an internet-based toxicology database, to which users must subscribe and that…[Read more]

  • CRISPR/Cas9 crRNA/sgRNA Cas9 20 22 1:1 Nucleotide pairing Variable Human cells, wheat, rice, maize and Drosophila NgAgo-gDNA 5′ phosphorylated ssDNA NgAgo 21.3–41.3 24 1:1 Nucleotide pairing Low Human cells Full-size table Table optionsCRISPR/Cas can be divided into three major types, I, II and III15. At present, most research is focused…[Read more]

  • Multiple linear regression analysis using all variables as factors (Model 1) demonstrated that weight, BMI, and tidal volume were independently associated with the bilateral excursion of the diaphragms (all P < 0.05) after adjusting for other clinical variables, including age, gender, smoking history, height, VC, %VC, FEV1, FEV1%, and %FEV1. There…[Read more]

  • Figure 1. Flow diagram of the study population.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (83 K)Download as PowerPoint slideImaging Protocol of Dynamic Chest Radiology (“Dynamic X-Ray Phrenicography”)Posteroanterior dynamic chest radiography (“dynamic X-ray phrenicography”) was performed using a prototype system (Konica…[Read more]

  • Pulmonary Function TestsThe pulmonary function tests were performed in all participants on the same day of the imaging study. Parameters of pulmonary function tests were measured according to the American Thoracic Society guidelines 20 ;  21 using a pulmonary function instrument with computer processing (DISCOM-21 FX, Chest MI Co, Tokyo,…[Read more]

  • Mohammed Slater posted an update 3 weeks ago

    AcknowledgmentsThe authors acknowledge the valuable assistance of Hideo Ogata, MD, PhD, Norihisa Motohashi, MD, PhD, Misako Aoki, MD, Yuka Sasaki, MD, PhD, and Hajime Goto, MD, PhD, from the Department of Respiratory Medicine; Yuji Shiraishi, MD, PhD, from the Department of Respiratory Surgery; and Masamitsu Ito, MD, PhD, Atsuko Kurosaki, MD,…[Read more]

  • Mohammed Slater posted an update 3 weeks ago

    AcknowledgmentsThe authors acknowledge the valuable assistance of Hideo Ogata, MD, PhD, Norihisa Motohashi, MD, PhD, Misako Aoki, MD, Yuka Sasaki, MD, PhD, and Hajime Goto, MD, PhD, from the Department of Respiratory Medicine; Yuji Shiraishi, MD, PhD, from the Department of Respiratory Surgery; and Masamitsu Ito, MD, PhD, Atsuko Kurosaki, MD,…[Read more]

  • Mohammed Slater posted an update 3 weeks ago

    Materials and MethodsStudy PopulationThis cross-sectional study was approved by the institutional review board, and all the participants provided written informed consent. From May 2013 to February 2014, consecutive 220 individuals who visited the health screening of our hospital and met the following inclusion criteria for the study were…[Read more]

  • Mohammed Slater posted an update 3 weeks ago

    Figure 2. Representative sequential chest radiographs and the graphs of excursion and peak motion of the diaphragms obtained by chest dynamic radiography (“dynamic X-ray phrenicography”). (a) Radiograph of the resting end-expiratory position. (b) Radiograph of the resting end-inspiratory position. (c) Graph showing the vertical excursions and the…[Read more]

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